C19: The Nineteenth Century Index

Help: Search Results

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The results from an individual index search are displayed on this results page. A summary of what you searched for is included at the top of the page, along with the number of results which have been retrieved.

If you have clicked the More.. link on a Quick Search or Search All Indexes results page you will also see this page. However, the page title will reflect the content type you have chosen.

How do I start a new search?

Either enter your new search terms in the Quick Search box or click the All Indexes link or an individual index link in the right navigation panel to open a fresh search page and carry out a new search. Any search terms from your current search will not be retained.

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How do I modify my search?

If you have performed an All Indexes or individual index search you can use the Modify search link to return to the Search All Indexes page. Your original search terms will be intact so you can edit them and re-execute your search.

Note that this link is not available following a Quick Search as this search is available on most pages in C19 Index.

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How do I save a search?

If you have performed an All Indexes or individual index search you can store a search in the Saved searches area of My Archive for use at a later date by clicking the Save search terms to My Archive link. You will be prompted to give your search a name to identify it easily in the list of saved searches.

Note that this link is not available following a Quick Search.

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How do I change the order in which my results are sorted?

If you have performed an individual index search the order in which your results are displayed will depend on the option you chose on that search page. If you performed a Quick Search or All Indexes search, the default order depends on the content type.

  • Choose an option from the Sort results drop-down list.

  • Click the Sort button.

The results page will be refreshed with the results displayed in your chosen order.

If you performed a Quick Search or All Indexes search, the default order will be:

  • Books content: chronologically by earliest date
  • Periodicals content: chronologically by earliest date
  • Official Publications content: chronologically by earliest session
  • Archive content: alphabetically by collection name
  • Newspapers content: chronologically by earliest date
  • Reference content: alphabetically by title

Note that Relevance is not available.

If you performed an individual index search the following sort options are available on the Search Results page. The default sort order is indicated.

Nineteenth Century Short Title Catalogue and The Nineteenth Century microfiche project
  • Chronologically by earliest date - the default
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Alphabetically by title
  • Alphabetically by author
  • Relevance
American Periodicals Series
  • Alphabetically by periodical title - the default
  • Chronologically by earliest date
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Alphabetically by author
  • Relevance
British Periodicals
  • Chronologically by earliest date - the default
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Alphabetically by periodical title
  • Alphabetically by author
  • Relevance
Cotgreave's Index
  • Alphabetically by article/periodical title (default)
  • Chronologically by earliest date
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Alphabetically by author
  • Alphabetically by subject
  • Relevance
Niles' Register Index
  • Alphabetically by periodical title - the default
  • Chronologically by earliest date
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Relevance
Periodicals Index Online
  • Alphabetically by periodical title - the default
  • Chronologically by earliest date
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Relevance
Poole's Index to Periodical Literature
  • Alphabetically by periodical title - the default
  • Alphabetically by author
  • Chronologically by earliest date
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Relevance
Stead's Index to Periodicals
  • Alphabetically by periodical title - the default
  • Alphabetically by author
  • Chronologically by earliest date
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Relevance
  • Subject
Wellesley Index
  • Alphabetically by periodical title - the default
  • Chronologically by earliest date
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Alphabetically by author
  • Relevance
House of Commons Parliamentary Papers
  • Chronologically by earliest session - the default
  • Chronologically by most recent session
  • Alphabetically by title
  • Relevance
Proceedings of the Old Bailey
  • Chronologically by earliest date - the default
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Alphabetically by title
  • Relevance
U.S. Congressional Serial Set
  • Chronologically by earliest session - the default
  • Chronologically by most recent session
  • Alphabetically by title
  • Relevance
Archive Finder
  • Alphabetically by collection name - the default
  • Alphabetically by repository name
  • Chronologically by collection dates
  • Relevance
Palmer's Index to The Times
  • Chronologically by earliest date - the default
  • Chronologically by most recent date
  • Alphabetically by title
  • Relevance
Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism
  • Alphabetically by title - the default
  • Relevance

By default, the earliest results are shown at the beginning of the list; you can quickly view results at the end of the list by re-sorting your results in reverse chronological order so that the most recent results appear at the top of the list.

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How do I view instances of my search term(s) on the Search Results page? (Proceedings of the Old Bailey only)

If you have executed a search using the Proceedings of the Old Bailey search page, you will be able to view a Context of Matches where each keyword hit in each record will display with 5 words of context either side of the search term itself, giving you a better idea of which records may be most relevant to your requirements.

How does relevancy ranking work?

Relevance ranking works according to where the search terms entered in the Keyword search field are found within a record. It is only the terms in the Keyword search field that are used to determine relevance, so if this field is left empty then your results are sorted in chronological order.

How relevant a result is depends on several factors:

  • The field in which the search term is found.
    Records consist of different fields, and these fields have different weights for calculating relevance scores. For example, search terms found in the Subject field are considered the most relevant, those found in the Title field less so, and search terms found elsewhere in a record the least relevant.

  • The frequency and proximity of the hits.
    If a search term occurs multiple times, or the different elements of a search term are near to one another or are adjacent (forming a phrase) then this also makes a record more relevant.

  • The rarity of the search term.
    An occurrence of a rare word in a search term (determined by the number of occurrences within the whole database) counts for more than the occurrence of a common word. For example, the word "sepoy" counts for more than the common word "indian".

Note that when you choose to sort your results by relevance we only return the top 1000 records.

The following fields are weighted for relevance in the individual index searches (note that relevance sorting is not available from the Search Results following a search using Quick search or Search All Indexes):

Nineteenth Century Short Title Catalogue, The Nineteenth Century microfiche project:

Subject, then Title, then Author.

American Periodicals Series, Periodicals Index Online, British Periodicals, Poole's Index to Periodical Literature, Wellesley Index:

Article title, then Author.

House of Commons Parliamentary Papers:

Subject term, then Title.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey:

Victim and Defender.

U.S. Congressional Serial Set:

Document Subject term, then Title.

Archive Finder:

Index term, then Repository details, then Collection name.

Palmer's Index to The Times:

Main heading.

Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism:

Title.

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How do I change the number of results per page?

By default, 20 results are displayed on a page. You can choose whether to display 20 or 50 results on the Search Results page using the Display link.

  • If 20 results are being shown click the Display 50 results per page link to increase the number from 20 to 50.

  • If 50 results are being displayed click the Display 20 results per page link to decrease the number from 50 to 20.

The Search Results page will change to reflect the option you have chosen.

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How do I select a result?

You can select results in the Search Results and transfer them to the Marked List:

  • Check the Add to Marked List box within a result to select the individual result,

  • or check the Mark/Clear all results on this page box to select all the results on the current page.

The selected results will be transferred to your Marked List. Each result that has been added will have their Add to Marked List box checked and a darker background tint.

To remove results from the Marked List:

  • Check the Add to Marked List box within an entry to remove the individual result from the Marked List,

  • or check the Mark/Clear all results on this page box to remove all the results on the current page from the Marked List.

When a result is removed from the Marked List the Add to Marked List box will be cleared and darker background tint removed.

You can click the Marked List link to view the current entries in your Marked List at any time.

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How do I display the full record?

To view the full record for an item in the Search Results, click the hyperlinked result title.

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I am a joint JSTOR/C19 Index subscriber. How can I view JSTOR full text for Periodicals Index Online results in C19 Index?

If your library/institution participates in the JSTOR Arts & Sciences I, Arts & Sciences II, Arts & Sciences III, Arts & Sciences IV, and/or Arts & Sciences Complement Collections, you can enable linking to JSTOR full text from Periodicals Index Online results within C19 Index by completing the
linking form.

Once you have enabled JSTOR linking, you will see a View article in JSTOR link next to entries in the Search Results where JSTOR full text is available. Clicking this link will open the full text of the item in a separate window.

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How can I move between pages of results?

Where there is more than one page of results, C19 Index provides a link to each page. Click a number to display the results listed on that page. If the number of results pages exceeds 10, a Next link will be displayed. Click the Next link to view the next page of results, e.g. if you are viewing page 4 of the results and click this link page 5 will be displayed, and so on. Click the Previous link to view the previous page of results.

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